Que es el sumak qamaña

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En un pueblo de la costa mexicana. El turista le pregunta:. El mexicano responde:. El turista norteamericano reacciona inmediatamente de forma airada y responde:.

Sumak Kawsay es kichwa ecuatoriano y expresa la idea de una vida no mejor, ni mejor que la de otros, ni en continuo desvivir por mejorarla por ese continuo sentimiento de escasez, sino simplemente buena, satisfecha. Sumak, significa plenitud, grandeza, lo justo, completamente, lo superior. Fernando Huanacuni Mamani, aymara, lo explica de esta manera:. Nosotros no queremos vivir mejor, no queremos competir con nadie.

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En la comunidad rural, toda la vida de cada individuo es concebida como caminar, en una creciente madurez expresada sobre todo en el mayor servicio a la comunidad. La gente le critica si ese bulto no es pesado, pues debe significar que los dos cargan la responsabilidad por toda la comunidad. Un cargo es una carga, no un lucro. Con el cumplimiento sucesivo de determinados servicios, la persona o pareja que pasa por ellos va creciendo en responsabilidad y a la vez en reconocimiento por parte de la comunidad.

Fiesta de la Inmaculada. Tradiciones Aymaras. En estas sociedades, no hay mano encima de la otra. Y para hablar en aymara de gente burguesa, prepotente, etc. Ir a echarse de menos, no es ir a controlar, a vigilar, a pedir cuentas, a examinar, a juzgar… pues todas esas cosas se pueden hacer por terceras personas o con otros medios impersonales. Adam Jones. Colaboradora en radios libres y en proyectos sociales. Amante de la lectura, el cine y la naturaleza.

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It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Redes Tweet Compartir. Y ademas Culturas Amar y venerar la vida: llamado de Ley Mariana. Sin comentarios. Las lenguas del Antiguo Egipto 4 noviembre, Follow revistamito. Mito Revista Cultural.These mirror the general trends economists have found among consumers around the world as economies develop.

The general tendency is for consumers, as they earn more, to spend a lower percentage of their income on food, a little more on healthcare, and even more on travel and transportation, as well as on recreational activities. It was no great stretch then, in our report five years ago, to predict a significant shift in consumption from necessities and seminecessities into discretionary categories. Sure enough, our new survey shows Chinese consumers following the anticipated pattern.

When we asked how they plan to increase spending as their income increases, dramatically fewer consumers said they will increase it on food (46 percent in the latest survey, compared to the 76 percent who said they would do so three years earlier).

Responses trended slightly up for healthcare products (from 16 percent to 17 percent), and increased for travel (from 14 percent to 23 percent) and leisure (from 17 percent to 25 percent). In our previous predictions, we also argued that as the income of Chinese consumers grew, they would aspire to improve their quality of life by not only spending more on discretionary items, but also by shifting their spending to more expensive items in the same categories.

In necessity categories such as food, for example, we predicted consumers would be willing to spend more for healthier versions of the same productsfor instance, that olive oil would grow much faster than less healthy (and less expensive) oils. In seminecessity categories like apparel, we predicted people would buy more special-occasion and premium brands.

We anticipated that the strongest beneficiaries of these changes would be in the more discretionary and aspirational categories, such as skincare and automotive. So what has happened so far.

que es el sumak qamaña

Premium categories have really accelerated. Comparing cosmetics purchases between 2011 and 2015, 44 percent of consumers have traded up their purchases, compared with 4 percent who traded down. Even for rice, 25 percent of consumers traded up versus 3 percent who traded down. Automotive was not included in our survey, but sales data from the Traffic Management Bureau of the Ministry of Public Security in China suggest significant trading up.

In 2011, 51 percent of the renminbi spent on cars by Chinese consumers were for autos cheaper than 100,000 RMB. These sales accounted for only 43 percent of the market. Cars selling for 100,000 to 250,000 RMB grew twice as fast with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 19 percent versus 9 percent.

And cars with price tags between 250,000 and 400,000 RMB grew the fastest of all, with 23 percent CAGR. In 2011, we observed a big generational difference between consumers in their late 50s and early 60s, who were very conservative spenders, and all of the age cohorts younger than them.

We predicted that by 2020, as the needs of consumers over the age of 55 changed along with their economic confidence, their spending habits would follow suit, making this age group worth pursuing by consumer-product companies. If anything, we underestimated the speed and force with which this trend would unfold.

For example, 52 percent of the people in this age group showed a preference for premium products, compared to just 32 percent in 2012. They leaped from being the most conservative age group to the one most likely to trade up.

Similarly, the preference for famous brand names among these older buyers jumped by more than 20 percent, fully closing the previous difference among cohorts. That said, the upper age group has remained more pragmatic and cost conscious than any other age group, as we discuss in the following section. Back in 2011, even as we were predicting changes in the behavior and preferences of Chinese consumers, we also saw ways in which their essential pragmatism would likely stay the same. For instance, we anticipated that impulse buying would remain lower than in other countries and that value for money would continue to be an important consideration when choosing products and services.

Interestingly, Chinese consumers across all age groups have, in some ways, become even more pragmatic. The individual consumer We also predicted that as Chinese consumers aspire to a better life and trade up their purchases, they would become more discerning and gradually more individualistic. This would lead, for example, to a shift toward more healthy choices, more user-friendly products, and products and brands that better fit their personality.

This could be a big opportunity for niche brandsand a threat to the mass-market brands that had won big in previous years by using scale and ubiquitous availability, supported by the trust gained by heavy advertising. Our latest research certainly shows a decrease in consumption in categories deemed less healthy and a willingness to spend significantly more on health and more environmentally conscious categories.

It also shows consumers are more likely to spend more to indulge themselves and more likely to try new technology. While their consumption choices have become more individualistic, though, it is important to note that family values continue to be at the top of their priorities (Exhibit 3).

One area our predictions missed, however, was by anticipating that consumers, as they became more individualistic in their choices, might focus less on basic product reliability and safety.Miami probably wins this one, but the Hoos get the cover.

You are commenting using your WordPress. All Rights ReservedPowered by WordPress. All Rights Reserved Powered by WordPress. Before we get to the pick, here are some trends: UVA is 16-9 against the spread the last three seasons as an underdog. Miami has covered eight of their last 10 November games. The Canes have played eight unders in their nine games this season. Miami 27, UVA 17 Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here.

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Email (required) (Address never made public) Name (required) Website You are commenting using your WordPress. Photos 89 photos 11 photos 10 photosFollow me on Twitter Close Sign Up For The Newsletter. NRLRugby league bettingRugby League World CupNRLRugby league bettingRugby League World CupNRLRugby league bettingRugby League World CupNRLRugby league bettingRugby League World CupNRLRugby league bettingRugby League World CupNRLRugby league bettingRugby League World CupNRLNRL 2017NRL Grand FinalNRLNRL Grand FinalNRL Player PropsNRL PreviewNRLnrl 2016NRLNRL 2017William Hill Australia are committed to supporting Responsible Gambling.

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William Hill Australia is operated by William Hill Australia Wagering Pty Ltd registered in Australia. William Hill Australia is licensed in the Northern Territory, Australia by the Northern Territory Government to accept bets by telephone and the Internet on Racing, Sport and Entertainment. Jake Trbojevic, Sam Burgess. Think of the people who need your support. The Gunners thumped Huddersfield Town 5-0 at home in their previous league game which was played on Wednesday.

They have recorded four wins and one defeat in their last five league games. Meanwhile, United secured a 4-2 win over Watford FC away in their last league game which was played on Tuesday. They have registered four wins and one defeat in their last five league games.

The Gunners beat the Red Devils 2-0 at the Emirates Stadium. Premier League Weekend Betting Preview Steven Hammerschlag - November 30, 2017 As we enter the December football festive period, teams hardly have the time to breathe between games. The quick turnaround begins following the first. Premier League Midweek Betting Preview Steven Hammerschlag - November 28, 2017 There is a full compliment of matches to choose from in the English Premier League on Tuesday and Wednesday evening as we approach ever.

¿Que es el Buen Vivir - Allin Kawsay?

The online league was split into two divisions, one for Europe and one for North America. Topping the European division was, a bit surprisingly, Swedish squad fnatic, which nowadays have Lekr0 and Golden in the team instead of olofmeister and dennis.

The destination for the ESL Pro League Season 6 finals is Odense, Denmark. The event will take the course over a period of 6 days, from December 5th to December 10th, which equals lots of betting opportunities.

Our staff has also shared their predictions heading into this anticipated tournament in Denmark.LONFINO has placed in two attempts this campaign and placed at long odds last start at Port Macquarie on a soft track, could threaten.

PATRIOT winner at Geelong and placed once this campaign, still in this. Brave Master (4) 14. Mosh Vain (10) 7. Goldylux (13) CACCINI placed when fresh and won't be far away in the run, the testing material.

que es el sumak qamaña

BRAVE MASTER has shown early speed in races to date, place hope. MOSH VAIN expected to settle on speed, quinella. GOLDYLUX has the speed to overcome a very wide draw and has three placings from four runs this prep, needs the breaks. Miss Polly Beat (1) 8. Monsoon Charlie (3) 5. Pay the Ones (6) Will be a close run race between the top picks. TRYING on a seven day back-up and chased well to fall just short last start at Sapphire Coast, should go well.

MISS POLLY BEAT 2 wins from nine attempts this campaign and drawn perfectly, right in this. MONSOON CHARLIE in the money last start running third at Wagga Wagga on a soft track and returns to shorter trip, in with a chance. PAY THE ONES surprised punters to win at long odds last start at Wagga Wagga and returns to shorter trip, could upset. Paris Sizzler (4) 1. Kappy Cino (8) 8. Emerald Ice (7) PARIS SIZZLER a winner at first outing this prep and ran six lengths back from the winner last start at Goulburn, key chance.

KAPOVER was a winner last start at long odds to break maiden at Wodonga and has good early speed, consider in exotics. KAPPY CINO tends to go well in the wet and won once this prep at Wagga Wagga seven runs back, for the exotics. EMERALD ICE did nothing to threaten last start at Gundagai on a soft track and expected to settle off the speed, include in exotics.

Dangan Ressha (8) 9. Paradiso Girl (2) 11. Upper House (5) Anything could surprise in this below standard field. DANGAN RESSHA narrowly beaten at long odds at only start at Moruya, hard to go past. PARADISO GIRL amongst the placegetters last start running third at Wagga Wagga and has two placings from five runs this prep, each-way claims. TALICO placed once this prep at Leeton and ran seventh last start at Wagga Wagga, the real danger in the race.

UPPER HOUSE on a seven day back-up and ran four lengths back from the winner last start at Sapphire Coast, still in this. French Politician (11) 1. Fox Beat (1) 11. Magic Word (5) Hard to split the top two picks. FOX BEAT narrowly beaten at long odds last start at Wagga Wagga when first up and drawn ideally, has solid claims. MAGIC WORD back from 31 week spell and generally strong first-up placing at Corowa last attempt, still in this.

Makahu Boy (15) Scratched 3. Comrade Ned (10) 1. Pacific Tycoon (7) Scratched 8. Ticked Off (11) MAKAHU BOY winner despite being unwanted in the betting at only start at Wodonga, well placed.This adventure was beyond what I had expected. I highly recommend it to anyone traveling to Sweden. It truly was "Sweden in a Nutshell". Again Daniel, thank you for your outstanding professionalism in arranging this trip for us.

You have given a group of friends a lifetime of wonderful memories. Dear Maria, It's been a week since we came back home, and we still haven't recover from this great experience.

que es el sumak qamaña

WE HAD A GREAT TOUR OF ICELAND. It was the best vacation we ever had. Thank you very much. The organization of this tour was just perfect. And it's all thank to you!!. Thank you again, and we hope to come back to Iceland soon. And if you'll come to Kenya, please let us know.

Best wishes to you and your family. See comments and photos from our customers Read reviews left by our many travellers Destination: Iceland Norway Sweden Greenland Finland Lapland Svalbard Combination Scotland Oldest first Newest first What people are saying We don't like to brag about ourselves, so here are some nice things our travellers had to say.

Andrew Caff, United Kingdom South Iceland at Leisure - Winter, October 2017 Larus made the whole experience of organising the holiday very enjoyable. Chantal Abbott-Devaney, United Kingdom Iceland Full Circle, September 2017 To echo my earlier comments, the trip was fantastically thought out and felt very personalised to us. I have nothing but positives to bring back from this trip and would highly recommend you to others Marcia Reish, United States Fjord Tour with Pulpit Rock, August 2017 We were very pleased with our experience using Nordic Visitor.

Lindsi, United States Iceland Full Circle, October 2016 Nordic Visitor exceeded our expectations for booking and travel in Iceland. Patti Norway Explorer, July 2015 Everything was great. Hryzko The Natural Wonders of Iceland, July 2015 We enjoyed the variety of the sites seen, the meals and accommodation were also excellent. Xavier Pearls of North Iceland, May 2015 We had a great experience during our visit to Iceland, hotels and car were all good.

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Irene and Sarah Northern Lights Over Abisko, January 2013 We have just got back home after probably the best holiday we have ever had. Renate Lofoten and the Fjords - by Cruise and Rail, July 2015 Bjarni was excellent, thorough, and very responsive. Jon-Michael Cain, United Kingdom Express Iceland, November 2017 Overall this experience massively exceeded my expectations.

Keys III, United States Isle of Skye Exclusive, October 2017 I am telling all my friends about the excellent service and value i got from my tour with Nordic Visitor. Colleen Friddell, United States South and West in Detail, September 2017 You were lifesavers when I was traveling to a new country and didn't know what to expect. Gerald Eaton, United States South Iceland at Leisure, September 2017 Nordic Visitor was a 'lucky find' for us. Vanessa Poliquin, Canada Exotic Hideaways, September 2017 We are two busy professionals who love to travel.

Hannah Bost, United States Iceland Full Circle, September 2017 Overall, the trip was just amazing.In these cases, you need to analyze the data using Analysis of Variance, which can be considered to be a generalization of the t-test.

However, when the design is more complex, ANOVA offers numerous advantages that t-tests cannot provide (even if you run a series of t- tests comparing various cells of the design). To index Within-group Variation. As explained in Elementary Concepts, the size of a relation between two variables, such as the one measured by a difference in means between two groups, depends to a large extent on the differentiation of values within the group.

Depending on how differentiated the values are in each group, a given "raw difference" in group means will indicate either a stronger or weaker relationship between the independent (grouping) and dependent variable.

However, if the same difference of 2 was obtained from very differentiated scores (e. That is to say, reduction of the within-group variation increases the sensitivity of our test. The t-test for dependent samples helps us to take advantage of one specific type of design in which an important source of within-group variation (or so-called, error) can be easily identified and excluded from the analysis. Specifically, if two groups of observations (that are to be compared) are based on the same sample of subjects who were tested twice (e.

However, if the same sample was tested twice, then we can easily identify (or "subtract") this variation. Specifically, instead of treating each group separately, and analyzing raw scores, we can look only at the differences between the two measures (e.

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By subtracting the first score from the second for each subject and then analyzing only those "pure (paired) differences," we will exclude the entire part of the variation in our data set that results from unequal base levels of individual subjects. This is precisely what is being done in the t-test for dependent samples, and, as compared to the t-test for independent samples, it always produces "better" results (i.

If these assumptions are clearly not met, then one of the nonparametric alternative tests should be used. Technically, we can apply the t-test for dependent samples to any two variables in our data set.

SUMAK KAWSAY, SUMA QAMAÑA, BUEN VIVIR

However, applying this test will make very little sense if the values of the two variables in the data set are not logically and methodologically comparable. Following, is an example of a data set that can be analyzed using the t-test for dependent samples. WCC before WCC after case 1 case 2 case 3 case 4 case 5.

However, the t-test for dependent samples analysis is performed only on the paired differences"ignoring" the raw scores and their potential differentiation. Thus, the size of this particular difference of 1 will be compared not to the differentiation of raw scores but to the differentiation of the individual difference scores, which is relatively small: 0. Compared to that variability, the difference of 1 is extremely large and can yield a highly significant t value.

If there are more than two "correlated samples" (e. The repeated measures ANOVA can be considered a generalization of the t-test for dependent samples and it offers various features that increase the overall sensitivity of the analysis. The breakdowns analysis calculates descriptive statistics and correlations for dependent variables in each of a number of groups defined by one or more grouping (independent) variables.

In the following example data set (spreadsheet), the dependent variable WCC (White Cell Count) can be broken down by 2 independent variables: Gender (values: males and females), and Height (values: tall and short).

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GENDER HEIGHT WCC case 1 case 2 case 3 case 4 case 5. The resulting breakdowns might look as follows (we are assuming that Gender was specified as the first independent variable, and Height as the second).

For example, in the above example, you see the means for "all males" and "all females" but you do not see the means for "all tall subjects" and "all short subjects" which would have been produced had you specified independent variable Height as the first grouping variable rather than the second.

que es el sumak qamaña

Statistical Tests in Breakdowns. If you are interested in differences concerning the means, then the appropriate test is the breakdowns one-way ANOVA (F test). If you are interested in variation differences, then you should test for homogeneity of variances.Oil production will rise until 2030, when shale oil production will slow.

The EIA's forecasts all depend on 1) what happens with U. The predictions given here are for the EIA's most likely scenario. It based its prediction on skyrocketing demand from China and other emerging markets. It seems unlikely now that shale oil has become available.

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That didn't stop the EU from being the world's third-largest oil consumer. As long as people have time to adjust, they will find ways to live with higher oil prices.

Sumak Kawsay, Suma Qamaña, Buen Vivir

Furthermore, 2020 is only three years away. Look how volatile prices have been in the last 10 years. It plummeted to a 13-year low in January, then doubled to current levels. OPEC is counting on it. The OECD admits that high oil prices slow economic growth and lower demand for oil itself. High oil prices can result in "demand destruction. Demand destruction occurred after the 1979 oil shock. Oil prices steadily deteriorated for about six years. They finally collapsed when demand declined and supply caught up.

Oil speculators could spike the price higher if they panic about future supply shortages. That's what happened to gas prices in 2008. Traders were afraid that China's demand for oil would overtake supply. These fears were grossly unfounded, as the world soon plunged into recession and demand for oil dropped. Keep in mind that any perceived shortages can cause traders to panic and prices to spike.

Perceived shortages could be caused by hurricanes, the threat of war in oil-exporting areas or refinery shutdowns. But prices tend to moderate in the long term.

That's because supply is just one of the three factors affecting oil prices.